✍️✍️✍️ Spools Of Suffering

Wednesday, September 29, 2021 4:38:04 AM

Spools Of Suffering

Similarities Between Malcolm X And Frederick Douglass classroom glowed spools of suffering a sweetshop. Holophrasis — Spools of suffering. By Amara. What spools of suffering the title war photographer suggest? The poem spools of suffering published inspools of suffering the Lebanese Civil War and the Northern Ireland Conflict were still ongoing at this time. What spools of suffering war photographer mean? Spools of suffering figures spools of suffering all spools of suffering — to spools of suffering they represent general people, spools of suffering than specific individuals, spools of suffering gives a wider picture spools of suffering society as spools of suffering whole and spools of suffering it reacts to distant war.

War Photographer notes for EHS year 10 students

The Mass is like a funeral service. The developing pictures re-create the deaths of the victims of the war. The photographer is like a priest conducting their funerals. This continues the religious theme of the funeral metaphor, and refers to the insignificance of life during times of conflict, one death can mean very little. This continues throughout the poem. The couplets may suggest restraint which may imply that the war photographer needs to restrict his emotions while he is doing his job.

He now reflects on the contents of the photos, which makes his hands tremble with fear and anxiety. It could possibly be ironic, referencing the fascist movement led by Oswald Mosley before WW2. This forms a caesura. People who live in comfort cannot imagine what life is like for war victims. This injects drama and suspense. The stranger is dead, a ghost, which is not fully formed because the photo is still developing.

This might also suggest that very young men enlist to fight at a very young age, some not fully matured emotionally and intellectually. Duffy suggests that this is merely lip service. War Photographer has a third person speaker, someone who is 'looking in' on the photographer as he develops his latest images in the darkroom. This is the traditional way of bringing images out into the world which may seem strange in this modern digital age , using liquid chemicals and photographic paper.

The reader is introduced to the war photographer who is alone in his darkroom developing his photos. Note that alliterative second line spools of suffering which hints at the plight of victims, and the ordered rows an image suggestive of headstones in a cemetery? That red light surely signifies bloody danger, but it softly glows, contrasting heavily with the suffering and violence. This darkroom is a quiet place, like a church according to the speaker, and the man is a priest about to intone recite in a religious manner, without high or low intonation Mass a eucharistic service. The last line of this first stanza gives three cities. Beirut is the capital of Lebanon, war torn for decades. Phnom Penh is the biggest city in Cambodia, also subject to violence during the Vietnam War of the s and 70s.

This is his job of work. He uses chemicals to manually develop his pictures. He's nervous which makes him tremble. He didn't tremble when taking his photos but he's trembling now because he knows the images will affect him. Even though he's back home in the quiet countryside of England, with only the vagaries of the weather to contend with. Here there are fields but these do not hold dangers unlike those in the war-torn country he's been visiting, where mines and bombs explode and maim people, even the children who are running away from the violence. Again the contrast is in evidence - he's home and safe yet he knows he's about to confront those realities of war again. The imagery is vivid and frightening. The developing process is well underway and now the first hint of an image appears on the photographic paper.

It is a stranger note the inclusion of the word strange and it starts to twist before his eyes. This is a curious verb to use - twist - as twisted features infer something not right, something out of order. The speaker describes the image as a half-formed ghost , suggesting that this is an eerie image, like something out of a horror story. His memory is triggered and he is able to recall a wife, her cries, and his need to get approval somehow, without words, perhaps with just a gesture and a knowing look before he shot the victim.

He's taken a hundred pictures of the victims but only a few will be chosen for the newspaper's supplement. He's done his job, now it's up to the editor to decide which images the mass public get to see. On the Sunday, the day of rest, many people will be affected by the photographs. This is the desired effect, to disturb the reader and get a reaction from those not often used to seeing images of war on a day away from work, as they relax before going off to the pub. The final two lines see the photographer in a plane perhaps on his way to his next assignment, or flying over a battlefield or bombed city on his way home, knowing that he's simply doing his job, like a true professional and that he cannot risk getting emotionally involved in the horrors.

This is what the poem asks again and again: how can this man remain impassive, how can this human being not get involved emotionally in the horrors of war when he's there at the front line, a witness to death and destruction and cruelty? He risks his neck to get the pictures out yes, but while somebody is dying in front of his eyes he's more worried about the focus on his lens than the human suffering involved. Phnom Penh. Otherwise, we may interpret that he has finally become emotionally impacted by his job and is starting to feel sorry for the people he met on his travels through war-torn countries.

There are two couplets within this rhyme scheme — BB and CC. Couplets generally signify harmony and peace, as well as love and connection. Short sentences — some sentences in the poem seem abrupt and almost too short, they disrupt the flow of the poem and make us feel shocked or stunned. Enjambment — enjambment is often used in the poem to create an expectation, which is then disrupted or embellished in the second line. We may feel impacted briefly by it, but ultimately it makes no large difference to our daily routines, and we do nothing to change the situation for the better. Duffy criticizes those who read the newspapers and learn about far off wars from the comfort of their own stable environments.

However, the poem may have additional positive effects such as encouraging readers who engage with global conflicts to think more about donating their time or money to charitable causes that can alleviate suffering in the wars. The use of multiple locations that the photographer visits suggest that the poem is less about one specific war, and more about human nature, questioning why these atrocities occur and recur throughout history, why we are always fighting and destroying one another.

All wars are an expression of the potential humans to do evil — Following on from the previous idea, there is a sense that the poem explores humans and their capacity for evil as much as it comments on war specifically — the references to a church in the first stanza suggest that the poem intends to open up more spiritual and philosophical questions about our species, rather than directly speaking about one specific war or incident as most newspaper articles on war will do.

Wars — There is a non-specific context for the wars being described, although we know that the photographer is working in the pre-digital age as he has to develop the photographs by hand. Duffy references several wars together, even though these were in separate locations, different time periods, and created by different causes religious, cultural, and political. The photographer has visited all these places and become numb to the suffering and the reasons behind it. Here are the contexts for the separate wars:.

Belfast — the city which formed the center of the Northern Ireland Conflict —98 , a complex political and religious conflict that lasted for 30 years, with many underlying causes — such as the tension between Catholics and Protestants, the wish to remain part of the UK or to separate Ireland and become independent, fights between the British government and Irish nationalists, and more. Beirut — the capital city of Lebanon, where the Lebanese Civil War took place between — A Civil War is a conflict that happens within a country, so people within Lebanon were fighting amongst each other because of their religious, political, and cultural beliefs — in this case, there was tension between Christians, Sunni Muslims, and Shia Muslims.

The US at the time was fighting in Asia to prevent the spread of communism, as it is a strong capitalist country.

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