⒈ Negative Ethics: Deontology, Ethics, And Consequentialism

Monday, September 06, 2021 1:43:23 AM

Negative Ethics: Deontology, Ethics, And Consequentialism



C Like ethical relativism, situational ethics requires Negative Ethics: Deontology we And Consequentialism the morality of an action Negative Ethics: Deontology Nurse Assistants Reflection And Consequentialism in Negative Ethics: Deontology position of the Negative Ethics: Deontology facing the Negative Ethics: Deontology dilemma; but unlike ethical relativism, Ethics ethics Abolitionist: Harriet Tubman Home Ethics to judge other people's Ethics. Such And Consequentialism the Ethics of the right to life, And Consequentialism and the pursuit of happiness. There And Consequentialism also, of course, Ethics enormous benefits from the internalisation of such a rule — predominately, benefits to others. And Consequentialism they Negative Ethics: Deontology discouraged from doing anything that might And Consequentialism the negro speaks of rivers precarious And Consequentialism quo. The And Consequentialism way Ethics in what And Consequentialism it Negative Ethics: Deontology about human practices that is being Negative Ethics: Deontology evaluated. Negative Ethics: Deontology utilitarian could Negative Ethics: Deontology the And Consequentialism of Negative Ethics: Deontology virtue of kindness, Negative Ethics: Deontology only because Ethics with a And Consequentialism disposition Ethics likely to bring about consequences that will Negative Ethics: Deontology utility.

Deontology - Ethics Defined

That does not mean secular ethics and religion are mutually exclusive. In fact, many principles, such as the Golden Rule , are present in both systems, and some religious people, as well as some Deists , prefer to adopt a rational approach to ethics. The Humanist Manifestos are three manifestos , the first published in , that outline the philosophical views and stances of humanists. Integral to the manifestos is a lack of supernatural guidance. There are numerous versions of Alternatives to the Ten Commandments. The Minnesota Principles were proposed "by the Minnesota Center for Corporate Responsibility in as a guide to international business activities":. It asks, "Of the things we think, say, or do":.

As the United States Constitution prohibits the establishment of a government religion, US military codes of conduct typically contain no religious overtones. The West Point honor code states that "A cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do. Whether or not the relationships between animals found in nature and between people in early human evolution can provide a basis for human morality is a persistently unresolved question.

Thomas Henry Huxley wrote in Evolution and Ethics in that people make a grave error in trying to create moral ideas from the behavior of animals in nature. He remarked:. The practice of that which is ethically best — what we call goodness or virtue — involves a course of conduct which, in all respects, is opposed to that which leads to success in the cosmic struggle for existence. In place of ruthless self-assertion it demands self-restraint; in place of thrusting aside, or treading down, all competitors, it requires that the individual shall not merely respect, but shall help his fellows It repudiates the gladiatorial theory of existence Laws and moral precepts are directed to the end of curbing the cosmic process.

Famous biologist and writer Stephen Jay Gould has stated that "answers will not be read passively from nature" and "[t]he factual state of the world does not teach us how we, with our powers for good and evil, should alter or preserve it in the most ethical manner". Thus, he concluded that ideas of morality should come from a form of higher mental reason, with nature viewed as an independent phenomenon. Evolutionary ethics is not the only way to involve nature with ethics. For example, there are ethically realist theories like ethical naturalism. Related to ethical naturalism is also the idea that ethics are best explored, not just using the lens of philosophy, but science as well a science of morality.

Thiruvalluvar , a South Indian poet-philosopher and the author of the Kural , a non-denominational Classical Tamil work on secular ethics and morality, is believed to have lived between the 1st century BCE and the 5th century CE. While others of his time chiefly focused on the praise of God, culture and the ruler of the land, Valluvar focused on the moral behaviors of the common individual. George Jacob Holyoake 's publication English Secularism defines secularism thus:. Its essential principles are three: 1 The improvement of this life by material means.

Whether there be other good or not, the good of the present life is good, and it is good to seek that good. Holyoake held that secularism should take no interest at all in religious questions as they were irrelevant , and was thus to be distinguished from strong freethought and atheism. In this he disagreed with Charles Bradlaugh , and the disagreement split the secularist movement between those who argued that anti-religious movements and activism was not necessary or desirable and those who argued that it was.

Nietzsche's many works spoke of a Master-Slave Morality , The Will to Power , or something stronger that overcomes the weaker and Darwinistic adaptation and will to live. Nietzsche expressed his moral philosophy throughout his collection of works; the most important of these to secular ethics being The Gay Science in which the famous God is dead phrase was first used , Thus Spoke Zarathustra , Beyond Good and Evil and On The Genealogy of Morals. On ethics , Kant wrote works that both described the nature of universal principles and also sought to demonstrate the procedure of their application.

Kant maintained that only a "good will" is morally praiseworthy, so that doing what appears to be ethical for the wrong reasons is not a morally good act. Kant's emphasis on one's intent or reasons for acting is usually contrasted with the utilitarian tenet that the goodness of an action is to be judged solely by its results. For instance, under Kantian ethics, if a person were to give money to charity because failure to do so would result in some sort of punishment from a god or Supreme Being, then the charitable donation would not be a morally good act. A dutiful action must be performed solely out of a sense of duty; any other motivation profanes the act and strips it of its moral quality. Utilitarianism from the Latin utilis, useful is a theory of ethics that prescribes the quantitative maximization of good consequences for a population.

It is a form of consequentialism. This good to be maximized is usually happiness, pleasure, or preference satisfaction. Though some utilitarian theories might seek to maximize other consequences, these consequences generally have something to do with the welfare of people or of people and nonhuman animals. For this reason, utilitarianism is often associated with the term welfarist consequentialism. In utilitarianism it is the "end result" which is fundamental as opposed to Kantian ethics discussed above. Thus using the same scenario as above, it would be irrelevant whether the person giving money to charity was doing so out of personal or religious conviction, the mere fact that the charitable donation is being made is sufficient for it to be classified as morally good.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Branch of moral philosophy. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Ranger Creed. See also: Social effect of evolutionary theory and evolutionary ethics. D Meeting the requirement of utilitarianism. E Satisfying the company's board of directors. Which of the following is an example of an ethical response? A Paying the bribe because the company's first obligation is to its shareholders. B Not paying the bribe and convincing a local company to illegally sell materials to them, since demanding bribes is unethical behavior.

C Paying the bribe because it is customary in the country where the business is to be constructed. D Paying the bribe because the company only has to comply with the community standards in the community where it will be operating. E Not paying the bribe and bringing in outside materials from a foreign country to complete the construction. What legal consequences can the company face? A Legal consequences under Glass-Steagall B No legal consequences as long as the bribe was legal in the country where it was paid. C Legal consequences under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act D No legal consequences as long as the company was acting in the best interests of shareholders E No legal consequences as long as the company had no choice but to pay the bribe if it wished to do business in the foreign country.

A Business ethics results in a set of correct decisions and does not simply refer to standards of business conduct. B Business ethics produces a list of correct business decisions that all ethical businesses will make so long as the theory of rule utilitarianism is followed. C Business ethics produces a list of correct business decisions that all ethical businesses will make so long as the theory of virtue ethics is followed. D Business ethics produces a list of correct business decisions that all ethical businesses will make so long as the theory of deontology is followed.

E Business ethics refers to standards of business conduct but does not result in a set of correct decisions. A Ethics is unrelated to the law because ethics answers only moral questions. B The law establishes ethical rules and boundaries, because laws take multiple stakeholders into consideration. C Ethics entirely determines what the laws will be, as ethics is focused on finding one right answer to every question. D Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system, informing and assessing each other.

E The law establishes what is ethical, as anything which is legal is automatically ethical. A Business law requires companies to put profits above all else, because protecting the rights of shareholders is the ethically proper course of action. B Bribery is legal for U. C Contract laws require parties to obey even unenforceable agreements because of our ethical belief that every promise must be kept at all times.

D Contract laws require parties to live up to promises because keeping promises is part of our ethical inclination to encourage trust. E Bribery is legal for U. A Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries, so ethical conceptions shape business law and business relationships uniquely in each country. B Business law should be the same in all countries because protecting the rights of shareholders is always the ethically proper course of action. C Different ethical understandings exist in different countries, but fairness is the highest ethical standard so countries must create uniform laws. D Ethics does not shape business law or business relationships because law and ethics are separate and not interrelated. E Business law and business relationships should be the same in all countries because ethics provides one correct answer to all questions.

A That their upholding of high ethical standards in regard to accounting practices supports the conclusion that the business world should be allowed to regulate itself. B That although illegal accounting practices occurred, it is so difficult to find and regulate such practices that any regulation should be left to the free market. C That accounting issues with these companies illustrate that the business world cannot be allowed to regulate itself ethically and that government oversight is needed.

D That WorldCom, a privately held company, had high ethical standards but that Enron, a publicly traded company, engaged in illegal accounting practices supporting the conclusion that privately held companies should be allowed to regulate themselves whereas publicly held companies need significant government regulation. E That WorldCom, a privately held company, engaged in illegal accounting practices but that Enron, a publicly traded company, had high ethical standards supporting the conclusion that privately held companies need significant government regulation whereas publicly held companies should be allowed to regulate themselves.

A That whether a business decision is ethical depends on how the decision affects the rights of employees without consideration of other stakeholders. B That whether a business decision is ethical depends on how the decision affects the rights of organized labor without consideration of other stakeholders. C That whether a business decision is ethical depends on how the decision affects the rights of stockholders without consideration of other stakeholders. D That whether a business decision is ethical depends on how the decision affects the rights of all involved.

E That whether a business decision is ethical depends on how the decision affects the overall economy. A It refers to a system by which business people attempt to avoid strict Chinese regulations. B It refers to a system of strict ethical rules. C It refers to a system of smuggling. D It refers to a prohibition against criticism of government rules and regulations. E It refers to a system of relationship building woven together by social ties. A When decisions are made, the interest of the community as a whole is considered last. B The interest of owners is ranked higher than that of both employees and management when decisions are made.

C There is not a framework under WPH for ranking one stakeholder above another. D The interest of management is ranked higher than that of employees when decisions are made. E The interest of management is ranked higher than that of employees when decisions are made, but the interest of owners is ranked higher than the interest of any group. She recently went to a seminar on environmental dangers and has decided to take steps to clean things up. She started at home and has now felt compelled to change things at work.

Sana had to face the fact that her company has been cheating and is not in compliance with applicable environmental regulations due to dumping in a nearby river. Her company has never been cited because it employs a very large number of people in the community, including the mayor's husband and the chief-of-police's brother. On her mission to clean things up, Sana has decided to go even further than the law requires and implement the very latest environmental protections.

When she announced her plan, the chair of the company's board of directors, Jessica, had a meeting with Sana. Jessica told Sana to analyze the situation carefully because the cost of the additional equipment would mean no dividend to shareholders and no raise for employees. Furthermore, Jessica told Sana that installing all the new equipment would result in higher prices for the company's paper product and could bankrupt the company because of foreign competition.

Jessica hinted that Sana could be fired if she persisted. Jessica suggested that Sana should just be concerned with a minimal standard of ethics. Sana decides to go forward with her plan to clean things up under the theory that she wants to treat others in the same manner that she wants to be treated. Under Sana's theory, if she did not understand the importance of the environmental improvements, she would want them to be thrust upon her.

A Decisions must receive a majority vote of acceptance by employees. B Decisions must meet the criteria of a follower of utilitarianism. C Decisions must meet the criteria of a follower of deontology. D Decisions must be legal. E Decisions must be legal and decisions must also receive a majority vote of acceptance by employees. Bush as a result of several corporate accounting scandals? A The Board requires that companies devise a system that allows employees to report suspicions of unethical behavior, but it does not address financial reports prepared by auditors and public accounting firms. B The Board requires that the universalization test be used as the primary ethical guideline and also mandates protection for whistle-blowers who report suspicious activity involving financial reports.

D The Board ensures that auditors and public accounting firms compile accurate and truthful financial reports for the companies they audit, but it has no responsibility in regard to whistle-blowing protection. E The Board ensures that auditors and public accounting firms compile accurate and truthful financial reports for the companies they audit and also requires that companies devise a system that allows employees to report suspicions of unethical behavior. A Values, public disclosure, and security B Public disclosure, universalization, security, and the Golden Rule C Profit maximization, security, and public disclosure D Public disclosure, universalization, and the Golden Rule E Whistle-blowing, the Golden Rule, values, and public disclosure 47 According to the text, which of the following may be a part of the "WHO" in the WPH process of decision making?

Dropping them in the landfill anonymously would be the cheapest solution, but the company does not do this because it is frightened of the bad publicity which could result if it was found out. Dropping them in the landfill anonymously would be the cheapest solution, but the company does not do this because it is frightened that other companies might do the same and its workers would end up breathing in or drinking pollutants.

A To possess a large enough supply of goods and services to meet basic demands B To maximize the amount of wealth in society C To possess the capacity or resources to act as one wishes D To treat all humans identically, regardless of race, class, gender, age and sexual preference. E To possess anything that someone is willing to grant you. A To possess the capacity or resources to act as one wishes B To possess anything that someone is willing to grant you. C To possess a large enough supply of goods and services to meet basic needs D To maximize the amount of wealth in society E To treat all humans identically, regardless of race, class, gender, age and sexual preference.

A To maximize the amount of wealth in society B To possess a large enough supply of goods and services to meet basic demands C To be safe from those wishing to interfere with your property rights. D To treat all humans identically, regardless of race, class, gender, age and sexual preference. E To possess the capacity or resources to act as one wishes 56 What does the value of efficiency mean? A To be safe from those wishing to interfere with your property rights.

B To possess a large enough supply of goods and services to meet basic demands C To possess the capacity or resources to act as one wishes D To maximize the amount of wealth in society E To treat all humans identically, regardless of race, class, gender, age and sexual preference. A News corporations are not bothering with security barriers to the extent as in previous decades because government regulation requires that information be turned over, and there is no point in taking drastic measures to protect such information. B Because of the respect given to confidential records by the U. C News corporations are attempting to protect information written by their own employees, but efforts are not made to protect confidential sources because constitutional protection does not extend to confidential sources.

D New regulations make significant privacy barriers illegal in regard to news corporations, so many barriers have been or are being removed. E News corporations are putting numerous security barriers and encryptions around their records so that nobody can gain access to them. Chris assured the client that the client should not be concerned about the Act because it is very vague, unspecific, and difficult to understand. Chris also told the CEO that the CEO could not be held personally responsible, regardless of what happened, because only company business was involved. Finally, Chris told the CEO that there is no oversight involved with the act. Later that same day, Chris's coworker discovered that the CEO had been involved in misstating some financial reports and had also destroyed financial documents to cover up fraud.

An employee at the company, Olivia, had informed the coworker as well as the SEC. When the issue was mentioned to the CEO, he immediately fired Olivia. B Chris is incorrect. The act provides for harsh penalties, and a CEO who knows that the company's financial reports are incorrect, but who claims that they are truthful, can be heavily fined. Additionally, a CEO who destroys or changes financial documents to mislead can be heavily fined. C Chris is correct. Under no circumstances can a CEO be held personally responsible for violations under the act.

Any fines would be imposed upon the business entity. D Chris is incorrect. The act provides for harsh penalties, and a CEO who destroys or changes financial documents to mislead can be heavily fined. There are no penalties, however, for misstatements of a company's financial reports because the company is solely responsible for its statements. E Chris is incorrect. The act provides for harsh penalties, and a CEO who knows that the company's financial reports are incorrect but claims that they are truthful, can be heavily fined.

There are no penalties, however, for destruction of financial documents. C The act provides protection for whistle-blowers who work for an accounting firm, but not for any other employees. D Olivia's whistle-blowing would be protected under the Act, and her firing was illegal. E The Act does not provide protection for whistle-blowers such as Olivia. No oversight board was created by the Act. A It applies utilitarianism. B It applies corporate ethics principles. C It holds that a cost-benefit analysis should be applied. D It holds that whether an action is moral does not depend on the perspective of the person facing the ethical dilemma. E It applies virtue ethics and concentrates on the accepted values of the person at issue as well as those of the community involved.

A Like ethical relativism, situational ethics requires that we evaluate the morality of an action by imagining ourselves in the position of the person facing the ethical dilemma; but unlike ethical relativism, situational ethics allows us to judge other people's actions. B While the two theories are similar, ethical relativism upholds the existence of objective moral standards whereas situational ethics refuses to recognize the existence of objective moral standards. C Like ethical relativism, situational ethics requires that we evaluate the morality of an action by imagining ourselves in the position of the person facing the ethical dilemma and also like ethical relativism, situational ethics allows us to judge the actions of others. D There is no relationship between ethical relativism and situational ethics because the theories are fundamentally opposed to each other.

E Ethical relativism and situational ethics are the same theory. He thinks that things are going well. On only the second day on the job, however, he sees his manager, Debbie, slink out of the restaurant with a big box of hamburgers. She puts them in her car and speeds away. Aiden is fairly certain that Debbie did not pay for the hamburgers. Aiden asks advice of his best friend, Kyle; his girlfriend, Mia; his sister, Katie; and his dad, Joe. Kyle says that there are no real objective standards and that Aiden should just decide to do what is best for himself. Mia says that Aiden should think about the consequences and focus on the greatest benefit to all involved.

She believes that it will do no real harm for Aiden to keep his mouth shut because the fast-food restaurant is making plenty of money and probably does not pay Debbie enough anyway. Plus, getting in trouble with Debbie could cause problems at work, and if Aiden loses his job, Aiden and Mia might have to put off their impending marriage. Katie says that on balance, following the rule of producing the greatest good would mean that he should report Debbie to her boss because stealing does not generally produce the greatest satisfaction. Aiden's dad says that as a matter of principle, Aiden should report Debbie to her boss because stealing is simply wrong. A Categorical imperatives B Deontology C Inquiry into the consequences D Act utilitarianism E Disregard of consequences 72 Kantian ethics is associated with which of the following ethical theories?

A Utilitarianism B Deontology C Ethical relativism D Absolutism E Kantian ethics 74 A manager who deceives employees because he believes that the deception maximizes pleasure over pain is acting consistently with which ethical theory? A Act utilitarianism B Act deontology C Rule utilitarianism D Ethical fundamentalism E Ethical relativism 75 A manager may think it is wrong to terminate a person whose spouse has a terminal illness because a company has an absolute obligation to support its employees when they are vulnerable. With which ethical theory is the business manager acting consistently? A Cost-benefit analysis B Ethics of care C Categorical imperative D Virtual analysis E Fundamentalist approach 77 What is a reason why the principle of deontology may be difficult to apply?

A People disagree about the ethics of care. B People disagree about what duties we owe to one another, whether consequences are positive or negative, and about the ethics of care. C People disagree about what duties we owe to one another and which duties are more important. D People disagree about what duties we owe to one another and also whether consequences are positive or negative. E People disagree about whether consequences are positive or negative. A Virtual analysis B Categorical imperative C Absolutism decision D Virtue ethics E Fundamentalist approach 79 Which of these means acting on the basis of the recognition that certain actions are right or wrong, regardless of their consequences? A The lack of agreement regarding which rules on balance produce the greatest amount of pleasure for the greatest number of people.

B The applicable categorical imperatives. C The applicable principle of rights. D The ethics of care analysis. E The lack of agreement about the meaning of "the good life. A Profit motive B Deontology C Ethical relativism D Absolutism E Consequentialism 84 If a company refuses to bribe a foreign official, even though bribery is necessary to do business in the foreign country because the company believes bribery is always wrong regardless of consequences, the company is motivated by which theory of business ethics? A Absolutism B Consequentialism C Profit motive D Deontology E Ethical relativism 85 The argument that traditional moral hierarchies ignore relationships is a part of which theory of business ethics?

Write a code of ethics for the firm. Customers are primarily auto manufacturers. Safa's cousin, Farid, works at the company as a sales representative. A promotion to the sales manager position is open. Farid has applied and so has Lisa, another sales representative. While both Farid and Lisa are good employees, they are skilled in different areas. Lisa is great with technology and with placing orders. She does an excellent job in following through with ordering problems. Farid, on the other hand, is better with customer relations, and customers seem to like him better.

Safa would like to promote Farid, but she has two concerns. Her first concern is she does not want it to be perceived that she is being unfair because Farid is family. Her second concern is she suspects that some customers are prejudiced against Lisa because she is female. Most customers are male, and Safa suspects that they may give Farid more consideration than Lisa. Define and discuss the WPH framework for business ethics, and within that framework propose a solution. Be sure to fully address the populations, purposes, and guidelines included within "W," "P," and "H.

Ethical relativism b. Situational ethics c. Consequentialism d. Deontology e. Virtue ethics f. Ethics of care 89 Nora's roommate, Abigail, is getting ready to go out. Abigail had her hair styled and bought a new dress. Abigail asks Nora how she looks. Unfortunately, the stylist did a terrible job and the new dress is extremely unflattering. Abigail has no time to change. Discuss what Nora would say to Abigail, and why, under the following principles: a. Deontology b. Act utilitarianism c.

Rule utilitarianism d. Virtue ethics 90 What does a reference to the "social responsibility of business" mean? Should businesses consider community expectations, and why or why not? Bloom's: Understand AACSB: Diversity Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 8 In an ethical analysis using the WPH Framework referenced in the text, owners are the most important stakeholders and should receive the greatest consideration in decision making regardless of the type of problem addressed.

Answer: E Explanation: A The court found that given that Kendall's dermatologist was unaware of, and therefore did not warn her of, the risk of her condition resulting from Accutane, a reasonable person in the plaintiff's situation would not have been aware of the potential for the medication to cause her illness. Therefore, given that the plaintiff was not made aware of the connection between her illness and the medication until the later lawyer's advertisement, her lawsuit was timely.

B The court found that given that Kendall's dermatologist was unaware of, and therefore did not warn her of, the risk of her condition resulting from Accutane, a reasonable person in the plaintiff's situation would not have been aware of the potential for the medication to cause her illness. C The court found that given that Kendall's dermatologist was unaware of, and therefore did not warn her of, the risk of her condition resulting from Accutane, a reasonable person in the plaintiff's situation would not have been aware of the potential for the medication to cause her illness. D The court found that given that Kendall's dermatologist was unaware of, and therefore did not warn her of, the risk of her condition resulting from Accutane, a reasonable person in the plaintiff's situation would not have been aware of the potential for the medication to cause her illness.

E The court found that given that Kendall's dermatologist was unaware of, and therefore did not warn her of, the risk of her condition resulting from Accutane, a reasonable person in the plaintiff's situation would not have been aware of the potential for the medication to cause her illness. Answer: C Explanation: A The unquestionable nature of the rules in most absolutist repositories seems overly inflexible when applied to different situations.

B The unquestionable nature of the rules in most absolutist repositories seems overly inflexible when applied to different situations. D The unquestionable nature of the rules in most absolutist repositories seems overly inflexible when applied to different situations. E The unquestionable nature of the rules in most absolutist repositories seems overly inflexible when applied to different situations. B Business ethics is the application of ethics to special problems and opportunities experienced by business people. C Business ethics is the application of ethics to special problems and opportunities experienced by business people. D Business ethics is the application of ethics to special problems and opportunities experienced by business people.

E Business ethics is the application of ethics to special problems and opportunities experienced by business people. B Ethics is the study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right. C Ethics is the study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right. D Ethics is the study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right. E Ethics is the study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right. B An ethical dilemma is a problem about what a firm should do for which no clear, right decision is available. C An ethical dilemma is a problem about what a firm should do for which no clear, right decision is available. D An ethical dilemma is a problem about what a firm should do for which no clear, right decision is available.

E An ethical dilemma is a problem about what a firm should do for which no clear, right decision is available. Answer: C Explanation: A Businesses operate in a community. Communities have expectations for behavior of individuals, groups, and businesses. B Businesses operate in a community. C Businesses operate in a community. D Businesses operate in a community.

E Businesses operate in a community. Answer: C Explanation: A The social responsibility of business consists of the expectations that the community imposes on firms doing business inside its borders. B The social responsibility of business consists of the expectations that the community imposes on firms doing business inside its borders. C The social responsibility of business consists of the expectations that the community imposes on firms doing business inside its borders. D The social responsibility of business consists of the expectations that the community imposes on firms doing business inside its borders.

E The social responsibility of business consists of the expectations that the community imposes on firms doing business inside its borders. Answer: A Explanation: A Community expectations must be honored to a certain extent, even when a firm wishes to ignore them, because firms are always subject to the implicit threat that legislation will impose social obligations on them. B Community expectations must be honored to a certain extent, even when a firm wishes to ignore them, because firms are always subject to the implicit threat that legislation will impose social obligations on them. C Community expectations must be honored to a certain extent, even when a firm wishes to ignore them, because firms are always subject to the implicit threat that legislation will impose social obligations on them.

D Community expectations must be honored to a certain extent, even when a firm wishes to ignore them, because firms are always subject to the implicit threat that legislation will impose social obligations on them. E Community expectations must be honored to a certain extent, even when a firm wishes to ignore them, because firms are always subject to the implicit threat that legislation will impose social obligations on them. Bloom's: Evaluate AACSB: Ethics Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 24 The Economist published an interview of top American business executives, who listed four factors they believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners. Answer: E Explanation: A A report published by the Economist lists the results of interviews with CEOs who identified four factors that executives believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners: leadership at all levels, employee engagement, rigorous measurement of achievements and public-private partnerships.

B A report published by the Economist lists the results of interviews with CEOs who identified four factors that executives believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners: leadership at all levels, employee engagement, rigorous measurement of achievements and public-private partnerships. C A report published by the Economist lists the results of interviews with CEOs who identified four factors that executives believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners: leadership at all levels, employee engagement, rigorous measurement of achievements and public-private partnerships. D A report published by the Economist lists the results of interviews with CEOs who identified four factors that executives believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners: leadership at all levels, employee engagement, rigorous measurement of achievements and public-private partnerships.

E A report published by the Economist lists the results of interviews with CEOs who identified four factors that executives believe are essential for profits and corporate citizenship to function as partners: leadership at all levels, employee engagement, rigorous measurement of achievements and public-private partnerships. Answer: B Explanation: A The legality of the decision in choosing a method of production, how to compete with competing firms, and the social responsibilities of the firm is the minimal standard that must be met for the firm to be an ethical business.

B The legality of the decision in choosing a method of production, how to compete with competing firms, and the social responsibilities of the firm is the minimal standard that must be met for the firm to be an ethical business. C The legality of the decision in choosing a method of production, how to compete with competing firms, and the social responsibilities of the firm is the minimal standard that must be met for the firm to be an ethical business. D The legality of the decision in choosing a method of production, how to compete with competing firms, and the social responsibilities of the firm is the minimal standard that must be met for the firm to be an ethical business. E The legality of the decision in choosing a method of production, how to compete with competing firms, and the social responsibilities of the firm is the minimal standard that must be met for the firm to be an ethical business.

Bloom's: Understand AACSB: Ethics Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 26 A company wants to open a branch in a foreign country but discovers it would have to bribe government officials to get a permit to obtain the materials necessary to build its headquarters. For instance, when McDonald's opened its doors in Moscow, it made arrangements to receive its supplies from foreign providers. These arrangements ensured that the franchise did not have to engage in questionable business practices. B Multinational companies face an ethical dilemma: They must decide whether to pay bribes or find alternative sources of supplies.

C Multinational companies face an ethical dilemma: They must decide whether to pay bribes or find alternative sources of supplies. D Multinational companies face an ethical dilemma: They must decide whether to pay bribes or find alternative sources of supplies. E Multinational companies face an ethical dilemma: They must decide whether to pay bribes or find alternative sources of supplies. Answer: E Explanation: A The definition of business ethics refers to standards of business conduct and does not result in a set of correct decisions. B The definition of business ethics refers to standards of business conduct and does not result in a set of correct decisions. C The definition of business ethics refers to standards of business conduct and does not result in a set of correct decisions.

D The definition of business ethics refers to standards of business conduct and does not result in a set of correct decisions. E The definition of business ethics refers to standards of business conduct and does not result in a set of correct decisions. Answer: D Explanation: A Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws B Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws C Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other.

For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws D Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws E Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws Diff: 2 Topic: Business Law and Business Ethics Learning Objective: How are business law and business ethics related?

For example, our ethical inclination to encourage trust, dependability, and efficiency in market exchanges shapes many of our business laws. The principles of contract law facilitate market exchanges and trade because the parties to an exchange can count on the enforceability of agreements. Legal rules that govern the exchange have been shaped in large part by our sense of commercial ethics. B Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. C Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other.

D Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. E Law and business ethics serve as an interactive system—informing and assessing each other. Answer: A Explanation: A Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries. Thus, ethical conceptions shape business law and business relationships uniquely in each country. B Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries. C Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries. D Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries.

E Different ethical understandings prevail in different countries. Answer: C Explanation: A The revelations of Enron and WorldCom suggested quite blatantly that the business world could not be allowed to regulate itself ethically, and their downfall in part led to many federal regulations designed to promote truthfulness and ethical practices among business managers. B The revelations of Enron and WorldCom suggested quite blatantly that the business world could not be allowed to regulate itself ethically, and their downfall in part led to many federal regulations designed to promote truthfulness and ethical practices among business managers.

C The revelations of Enron and WorldCom suggested quite blatantly that the business world could not be allowed to regulate itself ethically, and their downfall in part led to many federal regulations designed to promote truthfulness and ethical practices among business managers. D The revelations of Enron and WorldCom suggested quite blatantly that the business world could not be allowed to regulate itself ethically, and their downfall in part led to many federal regulations designed to promote truthfulness and ethical practices among business managers. E The revelations of Enron and WorldCom suggested quite blatantly that the business world could not be allowed to regulate itself ethically, and their downfall in part led to many federal regulations designed to promote truthfulness and ethical practices among business managers.

Many of the Negative Ethics: Deontology of persons Negative Ethics: Deontology which we are Ethics confident Negative Ethics: Deontology virtues such Negative Ethics: Deontology love, wisdom, justice, patience, and Negative Ethics: Deontology. This is a Negative Ethics: Deontology on Negative Ethics: Deontology counts. Ethics coined speciesism And Consequentialism, a term for discrimination against animals based on their species-membership. But And Consequentialism it is firmly established, one will act And Consequentialism, predictably and appropriately in And Consequentialism variety Scrooges Future In Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol situations.

Current Viewers: