✯✯✯ Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study

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Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study

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Aprehend, an EPA-registered biopesticide developed at Penn State, has the potential to revolutionize the way that bedbug infestations are controlled. Often, people leave the infestation for a long time before they even report it, so it becomes such a huge problem that dealing with it is a major operation. It involves collecting all of your clothing and laundering everything, keeping in it plastic bags, and reducing all of your clutter, so that a pest controller can actually apply the chemicals to the areas where the bedbugs may be. This necessitates multiple chemical applications over a period of weeks, as well as thorough preparation work to clean and de-clutter the infested space, to kill all of the bedbugs.

Heat can also be an effective bedbug killer. Heat treatments require massive heaters to rapidly heat a room to degrees Fahrenheit, and then holding the temperature at that level for three hours. It is an efficient, albeit costly, solution, but works best in smaller spaces, such as hotel rooms, where the heat — and the bugs — can be contained. However, it is difficult in a large home or in an old property to bring all areas up to the correct temperature. Giovani Bellicanta, postdoctoral scholar in Penn State's Department of Entomology, loads a spray gun with a sample of the biopesticide developed by the research team. Just as bedbugs can run from the heat, they also have proven to be extremely efficient at adapting to the chemicals that pest professionals spray their way, as insecticide resistance among bedbugs is a mounting problem.

Jenkins and Matt Thomas, professor and Huck Scholar in ecological entomology at Penn State, have been working on the creation of biopesticides for more than 30 years. Both were part of a multinational team that developed a bioinsecticide coined Green Muscle that utilizes a fungal disease formulated in oil to control locusts and grasshoppers in Africa. The success of Green Muscle under field conditions in Africa, as well as a sister product, Green Guard, in Australia, led Jenkins and Thomas to take their knowledge about formulating fungal biopesticides and apply it to other targets, finding that the technique works for controlling mosquitos and flies.

They died more quickly than the mosquitos and the flies with the same dose. In the study, the research team, comprised of Jenkins, Thomas, Barbarin and colleague Ed Rajotte, professor of entomology at Penn State, exposed groups of bedbugs to a formulation containing Beauveria bassiana , a natural and indigenous fungus that causes disease in insects but is harmless to humans. The researchers found that exposure to the biopesticide caused the bedbugs to become infected and die within four to seven days.

The fungus is a particulate, so when bedbugs walk across a sprayed surface, they pick up the spores like wet feet in sand. Once covered in the spores, the bugs spread them around by grooming themselves, and within 20 hours of exposure, the spores germinate and colonize the body. The fungal spores stick to the legs of bedbugs much like wet feet in sand, and the bugs spread the spores around through their natural grooming habits. Within 20 hours of exposure, the spores germinate and colonize the body, killing the bedbug in four to seven days.

Of critical importance, the researchers also discovered that they needed to expose only a small percentage of the population to the fungus to achieve nearly percent infection, as the exposed bedbugs returned to their hiding places and physically transferred the spores to the others. The result was startling, Jenkins said. Rather than needing to spray the bugs directly, the researchers found that they only needed to strategically spray the biopesticide on those surfaces where they knew bedbugs would turn up, such as the perimeter of a box spring. But rather than license the technology, Jenkins wanted to be the one to bring it to market.

The research team exposed groups of bedbugs to a formulation containing Beauveria bassiana, a natural and indigenous fungus that causes disease in insects but is harmless to humans and pets — and won't damage furniture. Lee, C. Motokazu, C. Wang , and Y. Chapter 6. Bed bug resurgence in Asia. Sharififard, M. Alizadeh, E. Jahanifard, C. Wang , M. Chemical composition and repellency of origanum vulgare essential oil against Cimex lectularius under laboratory conditions. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases — Zhu, J. Better than DEET repellent compounds derived from coconut oil.

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Journal of Economic Entomology ; doi: Singh, N. Wang, D. Zha, R. Cooper, M. Testing a threshold-based bed bug management approach in apartment buildings. Insects 8 3 , 76; doi Wang , N. Singh, A. Cooper, and C. Effect of hunger level and time elapsed from field collection on the locomotion behavior and response to stimulation in the common bed bug , Cimex lectularius. Singh, R. Zha, and A. Effect of mating status and age on the male mate choice and mating competency in the common bed bug , Cimex lectularius Hemiptera: Cimicidae.

Zha, and R. Efficacy of selected insecticide sprays and aerosols against the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius Hemiptera: Cimicidae. Wang, L. Wang, Y. Xu, L. Review of current research on bed bugs and its implications for bed bug management in China. Acta Entomologica Sinica Minocha, R. Dang, C. Webb, P. Systemic and erythrodermic reactions following repeated exposure to bites from the Common bed bug, Cimex lectularius Hemiptera: Cimicidae. Austral Entomology ; doi: Wang , D. Comparative efficacy of selected dust insecticides for controlling Cimex lectularius Hemiptera: Cimicidae. Gondhalekar, C. Buczkowski, T. Using research and education to implement practical bed bug control programs in multifamily housing.

Pest Manag. Sci ; doi: Wang , and R. Post-treatment feeding affects mortality of bed bugs exposed to insecticides. Wang , and N. Effects of various interventions, including mass trapping with passive pitfall traps, on low-level bed bug populations in apartments. Journal of Economic Entomology; doi: Mark-release-recapture reveals extensive movement of bed bugs Cimex lectularius L. Plos One 10 9 : e; doi: Effectiveness of a sugar-yeast monitor and a chemical lure for detecting bed bugs. Evaluation of a model community-wide bed bug management program in affordable housing. Pest Management Science 71; doi: Singh, and R. Insects 6: ; doi: Role of vision and mechanoreception in bed bug, Cimex lectularius L. Plos One.

Accuracy of trained canines for detecting bed bugs Hemiptera: Cimicidae. Potential of essential oil-based pesticides and detergents for bed bug control. Journal of Economic Entomology Efficacy of an essential oil-based pesticide for controlling bed bug Cimex lectularius infestations in apartment buildings. Insects 5: What causes bed bug control failure - the resident factor. Pest Control Technology 42 8 : Phillips, T.

Journal of Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study Entomology Merilyn Monroe Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Strong Women In Shakespeares Much Ado About Nothing, doi: Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases — These two factors are very Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study applicable in the hotel. Bed bugs are very tough and. Jahanifard, C. Vertical integration could cut operating costs making profit increase, but you have to weigh the pros and Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study to Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study determine if Bed Bug Exterminator Case Study is worth doing.

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