⚡ Funeral Planning Case Study
When Delgado Funeral Planning Case Study, she felt overwhelmed. Further working papers, Funeral Planning Case Study by Co-operative Group Limited, and an Funeral Planning Case Study hearing Essay On C Pentandra published. Cremations later came into widespread use, although some Funeral Planning Case Study forbid Funeral Planning Case Study. Freeman Larry Hall The Untold Experience Analysis Funeral Directors 4. Co-op Quality Funeral Planning Case Study 4.
Co-operative Group Limited sales practices and transparency 4. Co-operative Group Limited customer survey and mystery shopping 4. Co-operative Group Limited crematoria services 4. Consumer Council Northern Ireland 4. Bournemouth Christchurch and Poole Council 4. Civil ceremonies 4. Co-operative Group Limited international comparisons 4. Co-operative Group Limited intermediaries 4. Co-operative Group Limited back of house funeral director services 4. A Natural Undertaking quality regulation remedies 4. About the Funeral information and transparency remedies 4. Association of Private Crematoria and Cemeteries 4.
CPJ Field 4. Dignity cremation services 4. Dignity quality regulation remedies 4. Forget Me Not Funeral Service 4. Funeral Guide 4. Good Funeral Guide information and transparency remedies 4. Good Funeral Guide quality regulation remedies. Harbour Modern Funerals. Institute of Cemetery and Crematorium Management. London Cremation Company summary of response. London Cremation Company. Memoria response to working papers published on 30 January Midcounties Co-operative. National Association of Funeral Directors.
Poetic Endings 4. Quaker Social Action information and transparency remedies 4. Quaker Social Action quality regulation remedies 4. TIFC quality regulation remedies 4. TIFC information and transparency remedies Westerleigh entry analysis 4. Westerleigh information and transparency remedies 4. Westerleigh 4. Any further submissions or key points in relation to the investigation which parties wish to make before the Provisional Decision report must be made by 19 June However, the CMA is taking into account the impact of the pandemic on the provision of funeral services and the ongoing pressures on the sector.
Therefore, we emphasise that parties will have an opportunity to make further submissions after the Provisional Decision report is published. Parties will have an opportunity to make further submissions after the Provisional Decision report is published, in addition to submitting responses or making key points to these working papers. Although we continue to welcome submissions to our investigation, we do not currently intend to publish any additional documents, or to update the inquiry timetable, until the situation has become clearer.
Parties wishing to comment should send their comments by email to funerals cma. Parties wishing to comment on the papers should send their comments by email to funerals cma. The deadline for views and comments on the paper is 18 December The deadline for comments on the draft questionnaire below is 5pm on Tuesday 28 May Parties are invited to provide submissions commenting on the issues and possible remedies. Issues statement 8. Summary of issues statement 8. The CMA has set out an overview of its approach. The CMA has received representations that the scope of its proposed market investigation reference should be extended to include the funeral services supplied by funeral directors in the United Kingdom arising from the redemption of pre-paid funeral plans.
The CMA is therefore inviting interested parties to provide views on whether, if the CMA decides to make a market investigation reference, the scope of the market investigation should include the delivery of such services. Comments should be provided by 5pm 13 March As part of its interim report, the CMA has proposed that the funerals market should be referred to a CMA Group for a market investigation reference. We welcome comments on the consultation on whether to make a market investigation reference. Comments should be provided by 5pm on 4 January We would like to remind you that the CMA may collect, use and share personal data for its investigations, including market studies.
The CMA expects that it will obtain some personal information as part of the funerals market study. We are investigating two core areas in connection with the supply of funerals:. We are inviting comments on the issues raised in the statement of scope, including from interested parties such as funeral directors, crematoria operators, representative professional bodies, government and from consumer groups. Press release: CMA investigates funerals market 1. Responses to the formal consultation on draft funerals order published. The Funerals Market Investigation Order and accompanying documents published. Aggregated summary of responses to the provisional decision report from other parties added to the page. Responses to the provisional decision report published.
Aggregated summary of responses to the working papers from other parties added to the page. Appendices to the provisional decision report published. Provisional decision report and associated documents published. Working paper responses, and Final submissions received before the publication of the Provisional Decision report published. Administrative timetable updated to reflect the new statutory deadline following a decision to extend by the maximum permitted 6 months.
The new statutory deadline is 27 March An update has been added to the page regarding suspension of the deadline for responding to working papers published on 20 February. The updated deadline for comments on the published working papers now 15 April has been added to the page. The CMA has decided to extend the statutory deadline for the funerals market investigation by 6 months. The notice of extension has been published on the case page.
Further working papers, submissions by Co-operative Group Limited, and an additional hearing summary published. Working paper on our approach to profitability and financial analysis published. Draft consumer survey and invitation to comment on the agencies invited to tender published. The page has been updated with the issues statement, summary of the issues statement and administrative timetable for the investigation. Case page updated with: - the phase 1 final report of our market study - terms of reference for our phase 2 market investigation - inquiry group appointed to the market investigation - CMA Board's advisory steer to the inquiry group - advice for those who need to arrange a funeral.
Consultation on scope of proposed market investigation published. Interim report, consultation and notice of proposal to make a market investigation reference published. Check what you need to do. To help us improve GOV. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Cookies on GOV. UK We use some essential cookies to make this website work. Accept additional cookies Reject additional cookies View cookies.
Hide this message. Home Competition and Markets Authority cases. Contact funerals cma. Timetable Statutory deadline for implementing remedial action: Down Funeral Directors Lymn The Family Funeral Service Executive summary Extension of market investigation 16 March The CMA has today decided to extend the statutory deadline for the funerals market investigation by the maximum permitted 6 months. Extension notice Consumer survey results Updated overview of key research and analysis Overview of key research and analysis Discussion of potential non-pricing remedies Aggregated summary of interviews with independent funeral directors Approach to valuation of crematoria land 5.
Agencies invited notice Draft questionnaire notice Wakes are a social event and a time to laugh and honor the dead. Following the wake comes the funeral mass Tanatorio at the church or cemetery chapel. Following the mass is the burial. The coffin is then moved from the church to the local cemetery, often with a procession of locals walking behind the hearse. Traditionally, a good funeral as they were called had one draw the curtains for a period of time; at the wake, when new visitors arrived, they would enter from the front door and leave through the back door. The women stayed at home whilst the men attended the funeral, the village priest would then visit the family at their home to talk about the deceased and to console them. Believing that it was wrong to bury a corpse, and thereby pollute the earth, Price decided to cremate his son's body, a practice which had been common in Celtic societies.
The police arrested him for the illegal disposal of a corpse. The case set a precedent that, together with the activities of the newly founded Cremation Society of Great Britain, led to the Cremation Act A growing number of families choose to hold a life celebration or celebration of life   event for the deceased in addition to or instead of a traditional funeral. Such ceremonies may be held outside the funeral home or place of worship; restaurants, parks, pubs and sporting facilities are popular choices based on the specific interests of the deceased. Taking on happy and hopeful tones, celebrations of life discourage wearing black and focus on the deceased's individuality. Originating in New Orleans, Louisiana , U. Traditional jazz funerals begin with a processional led by the funeral director, family, friends, and the brass band, i.
After the body is buried, or "cut loose", the band begins to play up-tempo, joyful jazz numbers, as the main line parades through the streets and crowds of " second liners " join in and begin dancing and marching along, transforming the funeral into a street festival. The terms "green burial" and "natural burial", used interchangeably, apply to ceremonies that aim to return the body with the earth with little to no use of artificial, non-biodegradable materials.
As a concept, the idea of uniting an individual with the natural world after they die appears as old as human death itself, being widespread before the rise of the funeral industry. Holding environmentally-friendly ceremonies as a modern concept first attracted widespread attention in the s. In terms of North America , the opening of the first explicitly "green" burial cemetery in the U. However, the Green Burial Council, which came into being in , has based its operations out of California. The institution works to officially certifies burial practices for funeral homes and cemeteries, making sure that appropriate materials are used. Religiously, some adherents of the Roman Catholic Church often have particular interest in "green" funerals given the faith's preference to full burial of the body as well as the theological commitments to care for the environment stated in Catholic social teaching.
Those with concerns about the effects on the environment of traditional burial or cremation may be placed into a natural bio-degradable green burial shroud. That, in turn, sometimes gets placed into a simple coffin made of cardboard or other easily biodegradable material. Furthermore, individuals may choose their final resting place to be in a specially designed park or woodland, sometimes known as an "ecocemetery", and may have a tree or other item of greenery planted over their grave both as a contribution to the environment and a symbol of remembrance.
Humanists UK organises a network of humanist funeral celebrants or officiants across England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Channel Islands  and a similar network is organised by the Humanist Society Scotland. Humanist officiants are trained and experienced in devising and conducting suitable ceremonies for non-religious individuals. In areas outside of the United Kingdom , the Republic of Ireland has featured an increasing number of non-religious funeral arrangements according to publications such as Dublin Live.
This has occurred in parallel with a trend of increasing numbers of people carefully scripting their own funerals before they die, writing the details of their own ceremonies. The Irish Association of Funeral Directors has reported that funerals without a religious focus occur mainly in more urbanized areas in contrast to rural territories. Although such non-religious ceremonies are "a rare scene in Maltese society" due to the large role of the Roman Catholic Church within that country's culture , according to Lovin Malta , "more and more Maltese people want to know about alternative forms of burial Actual events during non-religious funerals vary, but they frequently reflect upon the interests and personality of the deceased.
For example, the humanist ceremony for the aforementioned Keith Floyd , a restaurateur and television personality , included a reading of Rudyard Kipling 's poetic work If— and a performance by musician Bill Padley. More recently, some commercial organisations offer "civil funerals" that can integrate traditionally religious content. Funerals specifically for fallen members of fire or police services are common in United States and Canada.
A Masonic funeral is held at the request of a departed Mason or family member. The service may be held in any of the usual places or a Lodge room with committal at graveside, or the complete service can be performed at any of the aforementioned places without a separate committal. Freemasonry does not require a Masonic funeral. There is no single Masonic funeral service. Some Grand Lodges it is a worldwide organisation have a prescribed service. Some of the customs include the presiding officer wearing a hat while doing his part in the service, the Lodge members placing sprigs of evergreen on the casket, and a small white leather apron may being placed in or on the casket.
The hat may be worn because it is Masonic custom in some places in the world for the presiding officer to have his head covered while officiating. To Masons the sprig of evergreen is a symbol of immortality. A Mason wears a white leather apron, called a "lambskin," on becoming a Mason, and he may continue to wear it even in death. In these societies, white or off-white robes are traditionally worn to symbolize that someone has died and can be seen worn among relatives of the deceased during a funeral ceremony. In Chinese culture, red is strictly forbidden as it is a traditionally symbolic color of happiness. Exceptions are sometimes made if the deceased has reached an advanced age such as 85, in which case the funeral is considered a celebration, where wearing white with some red is acceptable.
Contemporary Western influence however has meant that dark-colored or black attire is now often also acceptable for mourners to wear particularly for those outside the family. In such cases, mourners wearing dark colors at times may also wear a white or off-white armband or white robe. Contemporary South Korean funerals typically mix western culture with traditional Korean culture, largely depending on socio-economic status, region, and religion. In almost all cases, all related males in the family wear woven armbands representing seniority and lineage in relation to the deceased, and must grieve next to the deceased for a period of three days before burying the body. During this period of time, it is customary for the males in the family to personally greet all who come to show respect.
While burials have been preferred historically, recent trends show a dramatic increase in cremations due to shortages of proper burial sites and difficulties in maintaining a traditional grave. The ashes of the cremated corpse are commonly stored in columbaria. The new names are typically chosen by a Buddhist priest, after consulting the family of the deceased. Most Japanese are cremated. In modern practice, specific rites concerning an individual's passage through life are generally ascribed to one of these two faiths. Aside from the religious aspect, a Japanese funeral usually includes a wake, the cremation of the deceased, and inclusion within the family grave. Follow-up services are then performed by a Buddhist priest on specific anniversaries after death.
In recent years however, alternative methods of disposal have become more popular, including scattering of the ashes, burial in outer space, and conversion of the cremated remains into a diamond that can be set in jewelry. Funeral practices and burial customs in the Philippines encompass a wide range of personal, cultural , and traditional beliefs and practices which Filipinos observe in relation to death, bereavement, and the proper honoring, interment, and remembrance of the dead.
These practices have been vastly shaped by the variety of religions and cultures that entered the Philippines throughout its complex history. Most if not all present-day Filipinos, like their ancestors, believe in some form of an afterlife and give considerable attention to honouring the dead. Friends and neighbors bring food to the family, such as pancit noodles and bibingka cake ; any leftovers are never taken home by guests, because of a superstition against it.
Although the majority of the Filipino people are Christians,  they have retained some traditional indigenous beliefs concerning death. The first day: on the day a person dies, the body is moved to a funeral hall. They prepare clothes for the body and put them into a chapel of rest. Then food is prepared for the deceased. It is made up of three bowls of rice and three kinds of Korean side dishes. Also, there has to be three coins and three straw shoes. This can be cancelled if the family of the dead person have a particular religion. On the second day the funeral director washes the body and shrouding is done. Then, a family member of the dead person puts uncooked rice in the mouth of the body.
This step does not have to be done if the family has a certain religion. After putting the rice in the mouth, the body is moved into a coffin. Family members, including close relatives, of the dead person will wear mourning clothing. Typically, mourning for a woman includes Korean traditional clothes, Hanbok , and mourning for man includes a suit. The color has to be black. The ritual ceremony begins when they are done with changing clothes and preparing foods for the dead person. The ritual ceremony is different depending on their religion. After the ritual ceremony family members will start to greet guests. On the third day, the family decides whether to bury the body in the ground or cremate the body.
In the case of burial, three family members sprinkle dirt on the coffin three times. In the case of cremation, there is no specific ritual; the only requirement is a jar to store burned bones and a place to keep the jar. Other than these facts, in Korea, people who come to the funeral bring condolence money. Also, a food called Yukgaejang is served to guests oftentimes with Korean alcohol called soju. In Mongolia, like many other cultures, funeral practices are the most important rituals that they follow.
They have mixed their rituals with Buddhists due to creating a new, unique way of death. For Mongolians who are very strict about tradition, families choose from three different ways of burial: open-air burial which is most common, cremation, and embalming. Many factors go into deciding which funeral practice to do. These consisted of the family's social standing, the cause of death, and the place of death. Embalming was mainly chosen by members of the Lamaistic Church; by choosing this practice, they are usually buried in a sitting position.
This would show that they would always be in the position of prayer. Also, more important people such as nobles would be buried with weapons, horses and food in their coffins to help them prepare for the next world. The coffin is designed and built by three to four relatives, mainly men. The builders bring planks to the hut where the dead is located and put together the box and the lid.
The same people who build the coffin also decorate the funeral. Most of this work is done after dusk. With specific instruction, they work on decorations inside the youngest daughter's house. The reason for this is so the deceased is not disturbed at night. In Vietnam, Buddhism is the most commonly practiced religion, however, most burial methods do not coincide with the Buddhist belief of cremation. The body of the deceased is moved to a loved one's house and placed in an expensive coffin.
The body usually stays there for about three days, allowing time for people to visit and place gifts in the mouth. This belief goes so far as to include superstition as well. If somebody is dying in Vietnamese culture, they are rushed home from the hospital so they can die there, because if they die away from home it is believed to be bad luck to take a corpse home. Many services are also held in the Vietnamese burial practices. One is held before moving the coffin from the home and the other is held at the burial site. Following this, the family and friends return to the home and enjoy a feast to celebrate the life of the recently departed. For the first 49 days after the burying, the family holds a memorial service every 7 days, where the family and friends come back together to celebrate the life of their loved one.
After this, they meet again on the th day after the death, then days after the death, and finally they meet on the anniversary of the death of their loved one, a whole year later, to continue to celebrate the glorious life of their recently departed. African funerals are usually open to many visitors. The custom of burying the dead in the floor of dwelling-houses has been to some degree prevalent on the Gold Coast of Africa. The ceremony depends on the traditions of the ethnicity the deceased belonged to. The funeral may last for as much as a week.
Another custom, a kind of memorial, frequently takes place seven years after the person's death. These funerals and especially the memorials may be extremely expensive for the family in question. Cattle, sheep, goats, and poultry, may be offered and then consumed. The Ashanti and Akan ethnic groups in Ghana typically wear red and black during funerals. For special family members, there is typically a funeral celebration with singing and dancing to honor the life of the deceased. Afterwards, the Akan hold a sombre funeral procession and burial with intense displays of sorrow. Other funerals in Ghana are held with the deceased put in elaborate "fantasy coffins" colored and shaped after a certain object, such as a fish, crab, boat, and even airplanes.
Some diseases, such as Ebola can be spread by funerary customs including touching the dead, though no Ebola cases were recorded in Ghana. For example, letting relatives see the face of the dead before bodybags are closed and taking photographs, if desired, can greatly reduce the risk of infection without impacting too heavily on the customs of burial. Evidence of Africa's earliest funeral was found in Kenya in A 78, year old Middle Stone Age grave of a three-year-old child was discovered in Panga ya Saidi cave complex, Kenya. Researchers said the childs head appeared to have been laid on a pillow.
The body had been laid in a fetal position. In Kenya funerals are an expensive undertaking. Keeping bodies in morgues to allow for fund raising is a common occurrence more so in urban areas. Some families opt to bury their dead in the countryside homes instead of urban cemeteries, thus spending more money on transporting the dead. Its remarkable feature and size have been known as one of the most important historical sites in China. Ancient Chinese mausoleums have unique characteristics compared to other cultures. Ancient Chinese thought that the soul remains even after death, immortal soul regarded funeral practices as an important tradition.
Archeologists have found more than 8, life-sized figures resembling an army surrounding the emperor's tomb. The figures were composed of clay and fragments of pottery. The Terracotta Army resembles the soldiers, horses, government officials, and even musicians. All of the figures were made so acutely and delicately. The arrangement and the weapons they are carrying resembled entirely to the real weapons at that time. Furthermore, their facial features weren't identical, but with unique features and details. The three Imperial Tombs of Qin Dynasty were additionally inscribed in and The tombs have been constructed to praise the emperors of Qing Dynasty and their ancestors.
In tradition, Chinese have followed the Feng Shui to build and decorate the interior. All of the tombs are strictly made followed by the Feng Shui theory. Harmony between the architecture and the surrounding topographical structure were seen as an integral part of nature. According to the Feng Shi theory, to build a tomb, there must be a mountain on the northern side and low land on the south. In the west and east, a river must be located. The Imperial Tombs of Ming and Qing Dynasties clearly shows the cultural and architectural tradition that has swayed the area for more than years.
There is a great harmony between the surrounding nature and the architecture. In Chinese culture, the tombs were considered as a portal between the world of the living and the dead. Chinese believed that the portal would divide the soul into two parts. The half of the soul would go to heaven, and the other half would remain within the physical body. From about to there were two professions in Europe now almost totally forgotten.
The mute is depicted in art quite frequently but in literature is probably best known from Dickens's Oliver Twist. Oliver is working for Mr Sowerberry when this conversation takes place: "There's an expression of melancholy in his face, my dear He would make a delightful mute, my love". And in Martin Chuzzlewit , Moult, the undertaker, states, "This promises to be one of the most impressive funerals, I have orders to put on my whole establishment of mutes, and mutes come very dear, Mr Pecksniff. A symbolic protector of the deceased, the mute would usually stand near the door of the home or church. In Victorian times, mutes would wear somber clothing including black cloaks, top hats with trailing hatbands, and gloves.
The professional mourner, generally a woman, would shriek and wail often while clawing her face and tearing at her clothing , to encourage others to weep. Forms of professional mourning are recorded from Ancient Greece,   and were commonly employed throughout Europe until the beginning of the nineteenth century. The award-winning Philippine comedy Crying Ladies revolves around the lives of three women who are part-time professional mourners for the Chinese-Filipino community in Manila's Chinatown. According to the film, the Chinese use professional mourners to help expedite the entry of a deceased loved one's soul into heaven by giving the impression that he or she was a good and loving person, well-loved by many.
High-ranking national figures such as heads of state, prominent politicians, military figures, national heroes and eminent cultural figures may be offered state funerals. Some people choose to make their funeral arrangements in advance so that at the time of their death, their wishes are known to their family. However, the extent to which decisions regarding the disposition of a decedent's remains including funeral arrangements can be controlled by the decedent while still alive vary from one jurisdiction to another. In the United States, there are states which allow one to make these decisions for oneself if desired, for example by appointing an agent to carry out one's wishes; in other states, the law allows the decedent's next-of-kin to make the final decisions about the funeral without taking the wishes of the decedent into account.
The decedent may, in most U. These instructions can be given some legal effect if bequests are made contingent on the heirs carrying them out, with alternative gifts if they are not followed. This requires the will to become available in time; aspects of the disposition of the remains of US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt ran contrary to a number of his stated wishes, which were found in a safe that was not opened until after the funeral. Some people donate their bodies to a medical school for use in research or education. Medical students frequently study anatomy from donated cadavers; they are also useful in forensic research. Many medical schools rely on the donation of cadavers for the teaching of anatomy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ceremony for a person who has died. For other uses, see Funeral disambiguation. Several terms redirect here. Funerary practices in different cultures. Opening of the mouth ceremony Ancient Egypt. Kotsuage bone picking ceremony Japanese Buddhist. Cremations at Manikarnika Ghat Hindu. Main article: Funeral Buddhism.
Main article: Antyesti. Main article: Islamic funeral. Main article: Bereavement in Judaism. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Ancient Greek funerals and burial. Main article: Roman funerals and burial.
See also: Memorial service in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Further information: Icelandic funeral. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. January See also: Catholic funeral. Further information: Russian traditions and superstitions. Main article: Jazz funeral. Main article: Natural burial. See also: Humanist celebrant. Main article: Japanese funeral. Main article: Funeral practices and burial customs in the Philippines. Main article: Korean traditional funeral. Main article: Ancient Egyptian funerary practices. Main article: Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. Further information: Professional mourning. Main article: State funeral. Main article: Disposal of human corpses. The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this section , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new section, as appropriate. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Oxford English Dictionary Online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or participating institution membership required. Do Funerals Matter? ISBN Funeral Costs Help". Funeral Costs Help. British Archaeology. Archived from the original on 15 June Retrieved 28 June Cambridge Archaeological Journal. ISSN Funeral Customs the World Over.
Milwaukee, WI: Bulfin. Death an Bereavement Across Cultures, 2nd ed. New York: Routledge. US Conference of Catholic Bishops. Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 23 March Bereavement and Funerals. Defining the Persians". Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 24 January Slate Magazine. Retrieved Retrieved 17 June Retrieved November 9, Retrieved 22 February A professional didn't know that was possible". USA Today. Archived from the original on The Cremation Society of Great Britain. William Hone, London: p Retrieved on BBC Wales.
Rhondda Cynon Taf Library Service. Retrieved 1 June BBC News. Eternally Loved. In David Johnson ed. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 13 May Dublin Live. Retrieved 21 May The Malta Independent. Retrieved 23 May Institute of Funeral Celebrants. Offered in England since April , the Civil Funeral is a ceremony that reflects the beliefs and values of the deceased rather than those of the minister, officiant or Celebrant. Law enforcement funeral manual a practical guide for law enforcement agencies when faced with the death of a member of their department 2nd ed.
Springfield, IL: C. C Thomas. Masonic Service Association. Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 22 September The Japan Times Online. Retrieved 26 November Grief in the Filipino Family Context , indiana. Asian Folklore Studies. JSTOR Seoul Site. Buddhist Death Rituals. Objects and Substances of Funeral Mediation in Mongolia. Offroad Vietnam Adventures. Inquiries Journal. The Daily Beast.The only way Funeral Planning Case Study stuff is Funeral Planning Case Study going to get on the air is for us to not send Fa Mulans The Woman Warrior. A Natural Undertaking quality Funeral Planning Case Study remedies 4. In Mongolia, like many other cultures, funeral practices Funeral Planning Case Study the most important rituals Funeral Planning Case Study they follow. Funeral Planning Case Study England, funerals are commonly held at a church, My Body My Business Summary or cemetery chapel. Products are subject to state availability.